b. Kovno, 1860 - d. Moscow, 1900
Isaak Levitan, a painter of lyrical landscapes, studied under Alexei Savrosov and Vassili Polenov in Moscow. He started exhibiting his work in Russia in 1874 and thereafter in Munich, Berlin, and Paris. In 1892, when he was already a well-known painter, he barely escaped banishment from Moscow for being a Jew. Levitan started as a realist. His later work acquired a plaintive mood and his most remarkable works suggest philosophical and musical associations.