b. Paris, 1858 - d. Paris, 1941
Maximilien Luce, a French painter and lithographer, studied under Carolus Duran in Paris. In 1886, he joined the Neo-Impressionists and from 1887 exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants, of which he was a co-founder with Seurat and Signac. Luce often painted urban landscapes. He tried to represent light by using the principle of divided colors, but he did not have the disposition for the meticulous, painstaking procedure of pointillism, and he gradually resorted to a more Impressionist technique. Luce collaborated with anarchist newspapers, was implicated in the famous anarchist "Trial of the Thirty" in 1889, and was even imprisoned for a short period of time. From 1935 until his death, Luce was the president of the Société des Artistes Indépendants.