Late Canaanite Period
At the end of the late Canaanite period, the countries of the Ancient Near East went through ethnic, political, and economic fluctuations that also affected Canaan. As a result, Egyptian control over the country weakened and finally came to an end. The city-states ceased to exist. At the same time, however, new ethnic elements penetrated the area: Israelite tribes, Philistines, and other Sea Peoples.
Although Canaan was part of the Egyptian Empire, it retained its distinctive culture, which attained impressive achievements, the most important being the invention of the alphabetic script. Findings from this period attest to lively international trading both overland and across the seas, encompassing the entire Mediterranean Basin. Canaan absorbed cultural elements from its neighbors as is clearly expressed in the architecture, pottery, and art of that period.

Bronze mirror with a handle in the shape of a woman
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