Late Israelite Period
Major building projects, such as the Temple in Jerusalem, fortified cities, and royal palaces characterize this period. The architecture shows a definite Phoenician influence, as do cult objects, the script, and everyday artifacts. Epigraphic finds include seals, bullae, ostraca from Samaria, Arad, and Lachish, and monumental inscriptions such as those on the stele of Mesha, King of Moab. Local innovations resulted in several distinctive, observable features. For example, specific pottery types were developed and original architectural elements were used, such as dressed stones and "chapters of lily work" (I Kings 7:19), that is, proto-Ionic capitals. The "four-room house" plan that was used at the time is also noteworthy. Both the form and decoration of pottery vessels differentiate those of Judah from those of Israel.

Clay incense burner decorated with a frieze depicting human heads
from the area of Mount Hebron
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