Persian Period
Following the Babylonian exile, an edict of King Cyprus of Persia in 538 BCE permitted a return to Zion where, in 516 BCE, the Temple was rebuilt. The period ended with the conquest of Alexander the Great. Judah was then part of the Persian Empire and, in the official language of Aramaic, was renamed 'Yehud,' which appears on stamped storage jar handles and on silver coins struck in Jerusalem from the period. A flourishing international trade is indicated by archaeological finds, which include many important artifacts from Greece, Egypt, and Cyprus. Curiously, however, little was imported from Persia itself.
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Bone plaque depicting a king or official
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