Early Canaanite Period
A new population, apparently originating from Syria, arrived in the Land of Israel at the end of the 3rd millennium BCE and intermingled with displaced elements from the urban culture of the earlier period.
The main products exported from this region were agricultural produce such as wine, oil, and honey; the main imports were luxury items: vessels made of alabaster, semi-precious stones, silver and gold jewelry, and ivory objects. The end of this period saw a progressive decline in urban settlements, again for reasons that are not sufficiently clear. It may be that this decline was related to incursions from the north, to the war expeditions of the Egyptian rulers in the Land of Israel, to the wars that the city-states waged among themselves, or to ecological factors such as the decrease in rainfall.

Offering vessels with four miniature goblets
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